Amazon Web Service (AWS) is a marketplace, for cloud computing offered by Amazon. It serves as an on-demand platform that provides models and tools for deploying cloud computing. 
 
AWS offers a range of cloud services and products including storage, security, compliance, analytics, computation, networking, app management, IoT, developer tools, productivity tools, streaming platforms and business applications. This makes AWS a top player in the cloud business. Additionally, the ‘pay as you go pricing’ model allows enterprises to scale their operations effectively. 

What is AWS Cloud Computing?

AWS is a platform that enables businesses to access scalable database storage and computing power. It also offers functionalities to support business growth. With AWS, companies can host websites by running web applications on servers and deliver both static and dynamic files globally through a content delivery network. Amazon has combined Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS), Software as a Service (SaaS) and Platform as a Service (PaaS) solution to build AWS. 

How does AWS Cloud Computing work?

By utilizing Amazons cloud services, enterprises can scale up their operations without requiring capital investment. It offers access to top notch IT services at prices through its 69 availability zones (AZ) spread across the globe. These availability zones are interconnected within 22 regions, each housing data centres. This allows customers to utilize an IT infrastructure using Virtual Machines like Amazon AWS EC2. 
 
Amazon cloud computing provides enterprises with the freedom to choose cloud computing models that’re suitable for their business, such as IaaS, SaaS and PaaS. The ability to adjust the infrastructure capacity according to market demands on these computing models allows customers to easily adapt.

Types of Cloud Computing Models

There are several types of Cloud Computing Models to meet diverse business needs. Each model has features designed to handle business operations. By understanding the service mode and practical applicability enterprises can select from this list.

  • Infrastructure as a Service

The IaaS model offered by AWS revolutionizes cloud storage networking and visualization. Unlike inflexible, on-premise infrastructures, IaaS provides a flexible and cost-effective solution. Furthermore, it is beneficial to have control, over applications, data, operating systems and runtime by managing servers, storage and networks.

Amazon Elastic Compute (Amazon EC2) is highly regarded as a cloud service in the IaaS category. It offers flexibility and scalability for enterprises allowing them to easily increase capacity on demand. Through Amazons compute and storage provisions, EC2 makes web applications by adjusting the number of Virtual Machines to meet network demands. 

In addition to EC2 AWS provides IaaS products like Amazon Elastic Block Store, Autoscaling, Amazon S3 and Elastic Load Balancing. These offerings ensure availability of data for users.

  • Platform as a Service

Platform as a Service (PaaS) AWS has simplified the need for maintaining cutting edge hardware and constantly updating operating systems. It handles daunting tasks such as patching, updating, planning procurement and maintenance associated with running enterprise applications. 

AWS PaaS products like AWS Elastic Beanstalk provide a foundation for launching applications. When combined with Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2) they offer automation and customization options.

  • Software as a Service

AWS SaaS solution provides a seamless end-user application delivery service. This software distribution model would not bother the customers about the infrastructure and maintenance of applications. Enterprises can launch software hosted on AWS infrastructure and open it to customers. 

It facilitates software through AWS, and customers can use it at their place. The two payment models which are subscription-based and contract-based works with usage metering service to generate bills to the customer. In contrast, for contract-based billing, customers have to remit an upfront amount for the expected usage.

Enterprises can leverage AWS Privatelink to integrate the service as a VPC endpoint service. Through the Virtual Private Cloud(VPC), endpoint service customers can access the software. Besides, service renderers can deliver software access through their own web applications.

Important AWS Cloud Computing Services

Since its launch in 2002, AWS has been continuously developing groundbreaking cloud-based services and products. With over 100 cloud computing solutions available in the market AWS serves billions of customers worldwide.

AWS Compute Services

  • Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2)

    Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud allows compute resources for deploying applications in the AWS Cloud. Customers can rent computers without requiring on premise infrastructure.
  • Amazon LightSail

    LightSail is a cloud platform, for deploying applications. Customers can utilize this service to build websites and operate business software. Additionally, it serves as a test environment.
  • AWS Elastic Beanstalk

    With the help of Autoscaling and elastic Load Balancing, Elastic Beanstalk enables workload scalability. It acts as a tool, for monitoring application performance status. Moreover, it provides a platform for deploying cloud applications.


Elastic Container Service for Kubernetes (EKS)

EKS simplifies the migration of Kubernetes applications to its platform.

  • AWS Lambda

By utilizing AWS Lambda, customers only pay for the time they use. It is a serverless platform that executes code and manages resources on demand.

Migration Services

  • Database Migration

Amazon offers a cloud service that streamlines data migration from data warehouses and other data stores to AWS. It also allows customers to migrate between types of databases. 

  • Amazon Server Migration (SMS)

It is a straightforward method for transferring data from on premise servers to AWS. 

  • Amazon Snowball

AWS Snowball facilitates large scale data transfers to and from the AWS cloud.

Storage Service

Amazon Glacier: This service provides long term storage archiving with a monthly fee. It offers cost cold cloud storage across availability zones. 

Amazon Elastic Block Store functions as a storage drive that customers can utilize for storing types of data. It can be configured as a storage drive and is compatible with different operating systems. 

AWS Storage Gateway is a storage service that acts as a bridge between onsite applications and cloud storage. It ensures cost effective data transfer to the cloud. 

AWS Security Service

AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM) is a web service that offers access control to AWS resources and services allowing customers to authenticate users and grant access accordingly. 

On the other hand, AWS Inspector is a cloud-based security inspection service designed to identify vulnerabilities in applications. The pricing for AWS Inspector varies depending on the assessment results and the number of instances used. 

AWS Certificate Manager is to simplify the process of managing security layers like SSL/TSL on AWS, the Certificate Manager helps in mitigating complexities. 

Web Application Firewall (WAF) is an application firewall via the web safeguards against scripting attacks and SQL injection threats. It plays a role in ensuring application availability and security. 

Cloud Directory assists in creating directories within the AWS cloud by organizing data types hierarchically along with user and network configuration settings. 

AWS Key Management Service (KMS) is a cloud based tool that assists in the creation and deletion of keys as controlling access, to data stored on AWS. Administrators have the ability to generate control keys with user defined controls. 

AWS Organizations provides control over AWS accounts. Administrators can create accounts. Grant access to accounts for collaboration allowing for the management of multiple accounts without compromising security and compliance. 

AWS Shield is a security service designed to protect applications running on AWS from DDoS attacks. 

Amazon Macie is a security service provided by AWS. It utilizes machine learning techniques within your AWS account to discover, classify and safeguard sensitive data. 

Amazon GuardDuty is a monitoring service used to detect unauthorized activities across your AWS account. 

AWS Database Service

Amazon RDS offers a cost flexible solution for building, managing and scaling databases in the cloud. It simplifies tasks such as provisioning, patching and backup. 

Amazon DynamoDB is a managed database service that boasts features like latency and high scalability. It ensures high security standards for web applications with performance. 

Amazon ElastiCache enhances web application performance by providing an in-memory data store and cache memory capabilities. Reducing the costs of scaling applications is made easier, with management solutions. 

Amazon Neptune is a service that provides graph database capabilities and delivers performance. Includes features like continuous backup, read replicas and recovery services. 

Amazon Redshift is an AWS managed data warehousing service hosted in the cloud. It functions as a database management system enabling migration of massive data sets and efficient handling of enterprise level data. 

AWS Analytics Service

  • Amazon Athena

A serverless data analytics service on the AWS cloud. It allows users to access data stored in S3 using the Presto SQL engine. Customers only pay for the queries they run. 

  • Amazon CloudSearch

A cloud-based search engine that offers search options and facilitates deployment of search applications for developers. 

  • Amazon ElasticSearch

Similar to CloudSearch, this open-source analytics and search engine offers real time data visualization with downtime. 

  • Amazon Kinesis

Designed to handle data processing Kinesis is commonly used for streaming volumes of data from various applications. 

  • Amazon QuickSight

QuickSight serves as an analytics tool for businesses enabling fast data calculations and visualizations of customer information. 

Amazon Elastic Map Reduce is a platform that makes it easier to handle data processes. By utilizing frameworks, like Hadoop and Spark it efficiently distributes data across instances. 

Data Pipeline, an AWS service facilitates the transfer of data between systems. It ensures workflow by automating the data transfer process. 

Management Services

  • CloudWatchL

With Amazon CloudWatch, IT professionals can gain insights into their AWS environment. It provides performance logs and metrics enabling resource optimization and improved performance. 

  • CloudFormation

This service simplifies the creation of environments without relying on custom scripts. It automates application deployment and speeds up event response time. 

  • CloudTrail

By allowing auditing of the AWS environment and monitoring exchanges within the infrastructure, CloudTrail simplifies troubleshooting and analysis for compliance purposes and tracking account activities. 

  • OpsWorks

It simplifies infrastructure building and automates deployment, configuration, and management of servers across the cloud and on-premise environment. 

  • Amazon Config

It audits AWS resources and evaluates the configurations to the expected configuration levels. It provides detailed records to match against the guidelines and comprehensive estimation of change management, security analysis, and troubleshooting over AWS resources.

  • AWS Service Catalogue

It is used to create the authorized IT services catalog on AWS platform, which can quickly be deployed by the end-users. Also, it acts as a centralized control center to govern the deployed services and helps to meet the expected compliance.   

  • Auto Scaling

By analyzing cloud application Amazon Auto Scaling automates the capacity scale of applications to afford exceptional performance. It is a quick solution to set up a scaling plan for AWS resources.  

  • System Manager

It provides a holistic user interface to analyze the operational flow and help to automate tasks over multiple AWS resources. System Manager allows to group instances and buckets and giving adequate data insight to take necessary action. It detects the problems as early as possible and secures the infrastructure.

Managed Services

It is a package of tools and services to manage AWS infrastructure with simplified cloud solutions. It provides a full-fledge AWS management best practice and automates operations such as security, patch management, backup, and change requests for enterprises.

Internet of Things

  • AWS IoT Core

A managed cloud service by AWS, which acts as a secure meeting ground for connected devices with cloud applications. It provides a broad and secure data exchange channel across the cloud  applications and endpoint devices 

  • IoT Device Management

It helps to manage, monitor, and track the connected devices. Also, it provides provision to control any number of devices and troubleshoot issues remotely. 

  • AWS IoT Analytics

It provides detailed data values from the massive data surge. It simplifies data analysis and automates the sorting of data as per the required dimensions. 

  • Amazon FreeRTOS

FreeRTOS serves as an operating system that enables microcontrollers to deploy and securely connect to cloud resources. Also, it connects end device microcontrollers to the AWS cloud services to gather data for better management.

Application Services

  • AWS Step Functions

This service allows users to have centralized control over AWS services simultaneously. It enables the creation and management of step-by-step workflows serving as a monitoring channel for their functionality. 

  • Simple Workflow Service

This service facilitates the management, maintenance and scaling of applications in a manner that aligns with business needs. Of relying on coded workflows, it automates application processes to enhance scalability and flexibility. 

  • Simple Queue Service

With the aim of simplifying message queuing complexities involved in storing and receiving messages between applications, this service offers types of message queues such as queue and FIFO queue. These queues are instrumental in scaling serverless applications and microservices. 

  • Amazon Elastic Transcoder

This service handles transcoding tasks providing simplified media transcoding to versions without requiring advanced, on-premise infrastructure. 

Deployment service

  • AWS CloudHSM

Subject to the configuration, it enables customers to be compliant and maintain exceptional security with custom-generated keys on AWS cloud services. Also, it provides scalability and flexibility to integrate additional HSMs.

Developer Tools

  • CodeStar

It is a comprehensive tool to develop applications and secure software development activities. Developers can track the process, control the access, and deploy the applications through the CodeStar.

  • CodeBuilt

It provides a prebuild environment to compile codes, run software tests, and deploy applications. Also, it gives the freedom to set up customized infrastructure with personalized build tools.   

  • CodeCommit

It provides a secure environment for the coders to collaborate, store codes, and serves as a source control system.

  • CodeDeploy

It provides automated software deployment service across various AWS compute platforms such as EC2, Lamda, Fargate, etc. It undertakes the complex produces of releasing new features and updating applications. 

  • Codepipeline

To release software updates and changes in the features, codepipeline serves as a quick channel. It is a reliable delivery service tool that permits to configure the workflow, including building, test, and deploy applications.

  • Cloud9

It serves as a cloud-based development environment to write and run codes. Without setting up an on-premise integrated development environment, it provides every essential tool to debug the written codes. 

Mobile Services

  • Mobile Hub

It is a console of AWS tools to develop cloud-based mobile applications. Leveraging various native services such as Analytics, S3, DynamoDB, and Simple notification services mobile hub provides ample support to develop applications.  

  • Cognito

It helps to simplify user authentication while users sign-up or sing-in to applications. It can afford user data at scale. 

  • Device Farm

It helps to pinpoint and fix the problems in and around the developed software. Device Farm helps to improve the quality of applications. It also provides remote access to devices in real-time.  

  • AWS AppSyns

It helps to scale business with data-driven insights. It synchronizes data from different sources to derive data-driven app development solutions.  

Business Productivity

  • Alexa for Business

It provides intelligent business assistance to simplify organizational tasks. It helps to make the discussions more insightful and productive. 

  • Amazon Chime

It is a one app solution for all organizational communication requirements. It facilitates all sorts of communication services such as business calls, video conferences, etc.

  • Amazon WorkDocs

It is more like a content creation platform for collaborative content sharing and storing purposes. It is secured with AWS security protocols and ensures high availability of resources from anywhere. 

  • Amazon WorkMail

It is an organization mail service by AWS with secure encryption functionality. It allows users to integrate it with custom client applications and corporate directories.

App Streaming

  • Amazon WorkSpace

It offers a responsive Virtual Desktop Infrastructure (VDI). Plus, serving as a Desktop as a Service Amazon workspace is a fast and secure solution to desktop delivery service.

  • Amazon AppStream

It provides application streaming for any scale of audience. It mitigates the complexities associated with application delivery and security.

Artificial Intelligence

  • Amazon Lex

It is an advanced service that renders conversational interface development across various applications. It helps to develop software which can exchange life-like conversation using deep learning techniques. 

  • Amazon Polly

It helps to create interactive applications with advanced text-to-speech technology. It provides like-life voices for better user experience in different languages.

  • Amazon Rekognition

It provides accurate image and video analysis. Organizations can use it for public security practice. 

  • Amazon SageMaker

It provides an intelligent platform for data scientists to model machine learning algorithms. Further, it helps to tune and train the models with set-up and deploy the models at a click. 

  • Amazon Transcribe

It enables applications to recognize speech and turn it into text. It helps to transcribe audio files such as phone calls, generate subtitles, etc. 

  • Amazon Translate

This is a scalable deep learning neural machine translation model to localize web-based content for users. Learning from diversified datasets, it provides accurate service in a short time. 

Augmented Reality & Virtual Reality

  • Amazon Sumerian

It redefines user-experience for applications to more dimensions with 3D interactions. It helps to develop 3D scenes from anywhere and integrate it with AWS services.

Customer Engagement

  • Amazon Connect

It paves a conspicuous path for anyone to create a customer contact flow for enterprises. It is a scalable, affordable, and intelligent solution to develop a smooth communication flow. 

  • Amazon Pinpoint

It provides a user-centric customer engagement experience for organizations. Leveraging real-time customer data, Pinpoint enables enterprises to engage with the target audience promptly.

  • Amazon Simple Email Service (SES)

It is a cloud-based email communication channel for easy out regular communication between businesses and customers. It is a secure and reliable channel to send tickets, notifications, and newsletters for enterprises.

Game Development 

  • GameLift

It is an exclusive game server hosting platform with greater scalability. It offers spot as well as on-demand instances to expand the flexibility to enhance networking and reduce latency.

The overwhelming benefits of AWS cloud computing are far and wide, i.e., simple, scalable, affordable, secure and reliable. It has been helping enterprises to gain immense market advantage through its innovative cloud technologies at low-cost. 

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